Immunologie at Cubidor University Switzerland | Flashcards & Summaries

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Lernmaterialien für Immunologie an der Cubidor University Switzerland

Greife auf kostenlose Karteikarten, Zusammenfassungen, Übungsaufgaben und Altklausuren für deinen Immunologie Kurs an der Cubidor University Switzerland zu.

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What are primary lymphoid organs?

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• Bone marrow
• Thymus

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What are secondary lymphoid organs?

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• Lymph nodes which filter the lymph
• Spleen which filters the blood
• Lymph follicles (tonsils, appendix)

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What is Smallpox

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-Smallpox is an infectious disease of humans that is caused by a poxvirus called Variola virus.

-Very contagious, can spread from direct contact between individuals, contact with fluids or contaminated objects.

-Smallpox gets its name from the pus-filled blisters or pock that appear during the illness.

-Approximately one-third of people with smallpox died from the disease. Survivors were scarred for life. If the eyes was infected, it resulted in blindness.

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What did Jenner observe?

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Milkmaids who have contact with cowpox were
resistant to human smallpox

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What did Jenner do after his observation?

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-He scraped pus from cowpox blisters on the hands
of a milkmaid who had caught cowpox.

-He inserted pus in both arms of James Phipps,
the son of his gardener

-James suffered from cowpox disease

-When he recovered Jenner infected him with
smallpox James did not become ill

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What did Jenner found?

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§ He found in 1796 that cowpox (vaccinia)
conferred protection to smallpox.
§ He called this procedure “vaccination”

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What did Louis Pasteur (1822-1895) do?

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§ The great revolution in the vaccination occurred thanks to the french chemist and microbiologist Louis Pasteur.
§ He discovered that microorganisms cause disease-
”Germ Theory”, and vaccines can be made from
weakened form of the microorganisms.
§ He developed the earliest vaccine against avian
cholera, anthrax and rabies.
§ He was the first one to use the terms of vaccine and
attenuated.

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What is Poliomyelitis (Polio)?

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Poliomyelitis is a highly infectious viral disease, which
destructs the motor neurons and damages the brain and spinal cord and is characterized by muscle weakness and paralysis.

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What is the difference between Salk and Salben?

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Salk : Inactivated polio with formaldehyde
(injected vaccine) (1955).


Sabin: Attenuated polio through in vitro
passages in cell culture (oral vaccine) (1961).


Salben works better but it is more dangerous because you could get Polio some times 

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who were the founders of serum therapy?

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Emil Von Behring and Shibasaburo Kitasato

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Tasks of the Immune Systems

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Ø Recognition and inactivation of the pathogens
(viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa and worms)
penetrated in the organism or their toxins.
Ø Recognition and killing of virus infected
somatic cells.
Ø Recognition and killing of cancer cells.

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What is Immunology

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Immunology is the study of the immune system


It studies the biological and biochemical basis of
the defense mechanisms against pathogens such
as bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites and other
foreign substances such as toxins.

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  • 1649 Karteikarten
  • 68 Studierende
  • 0 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Immunologie Kurs an der Cubidor University Switzerland - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

What are primary lymphoid organs?

A:

• Bone marrow
• Thymus

Q:

What are secondary lymphoid organs?

A:

• Lymph nodes which filter the lymph
• Spleen which filters the blood
• Lymph follicles (tonsils, appendix)

Q:

What is Smallpox

A:

-Smallpox is an infectious disease of humans that is caused by a poxvirus called Variola virus.

-Very contagious, can spread from direct contact between individuals, contact with fluids or contaminated objects.

-Smallpox gets its name from the pus-filled blisters or pock that appear during the illness.

-Approximately one-third of people with smallpox died from the disease. Survivors were scarred for life. If the eyes was infected, it resulted in blindness.

Q:

What did Jenner observe?

A:

Milkmaids who have contact with cowpox were
resistant to human smallpox

Q:

What did Jenner do after his observation?

A:

-He scraped pus from cowpox blisters on the hands
of a milkmaid who had caught cowpox.

-He inserted pus in both arms of James Phipps,
the son of his gardener

-James suffered from cowpox disease

-When he recovered Jenner infected him with
smallpox James did not become ill

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

What did Jenner found?

A:

§ He found in 1796 that cowpox (vaccinia)
conferred protection to smallpox.
§ He called this procedure “vaccination”

Q:

What did Louis Pasteur (1822-1895) do?

A:

§ The great revolution in the vaccination occurred thanks to the french chemist and microbiologist Louis Pasteur.
§ He discovered that microorganisms cause disease-
”Germ Theory”, and vaccines can be made from
weakened form of the microorganisms.
§ He developed the earliest vaccine against avian
cholera, anthrax and rabies.
§ He was the first one to use the terms of vaccine and
attenuated.

Q:

What is Poliomyelitis (Polio)?

A:

Poliomyelitis is a highly infectious viral disease, which
destructs the motor neurons and damages the brain and spinal cord and is characterized by muscle weakness and paralysis.

Q:

What is the difference between Salk and Salben?

A:

Salk : Inactivated polio with formaldehyde
(injected vaccine) (1955).


Sabin: Attenuated polio through in vitro
passages in cell culture (oral vaccine) (1961).


Salben works better but it is more dangerous because you could get Polio some times 

Q:

who were the founders of serum therapy?

A:

Emil Von Behring and Shibasaburo Kitasato

Q:

Tasks of the Immune Systems

A:

Ø Recognition and inactivation of the pathogens
(viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa and worms)
penetrated in the organism or their toxins.
Ø Recognition and killing of virus infected
somatic cells.
Ø Recognition and killing of cancer cells.

Q:

What is Immunology

A:

Immunology is the study of the immune system


It studies the biological and biochemical basis of
the defense mechanisms against pathogens such
as bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites and other
foreign substances such as toxins.

Immunologie

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