Language And Linguistics at Christian-Albrechts-Universität Zu Kiel | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für language and linguistics an der Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel

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Word formation process 
(Vi)
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Blending 

“telescoped” compounding 
> merging of two or more Lexemes with loss of morphological and phonetic material 

Breakfast + lunch = brunch 
Motel / hangry 
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Semantic roles

Intrument

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definition:

> the entitix (explicitly or imlicitly) prototypically used by an agent in performing an action 


She cut the lace with a knife

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Allophones
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The realisations variant of a phoneme / 
Different phones realising the same phoneme 
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Word formation process 
(iV)
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Clipping 
Truncation of names and other words 
Ed(Ward) ; (monk)bus ; (in)flu(enza) 
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Valeny and transitivity in clauses

transitive 
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If a clause has at least one object it is classified transative 


can be further devided into:

  • monotransitive:  one object
  • distransitive: with two objects 
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Valency and transitivity in clauses 

if a clause has predicative complements (subject or object-oriented):


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if will be labeled as 'complex', either:


complex-transitive or complex-intransitive

depending on wether an object is also present or not

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Empirical 
Introspective 
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Methodological 

attested language data as the fundamental basis of evidence 

Research is based in the linguistis intuition 
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Relation between signifier and signified 
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Reciprocal 
One necessarily evokes the other 
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Morphology 

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The study of the internal structure of words and their formation process 

words can be decomposed in meaningful parts that can be analysed on two different levels:
1. in terms of mental categories on a abstract level 
2. as concrete written/spoken realizations on an actual output level 

study of the smallest units on language that have meaning 
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Subdivision of morphology
word-formation 
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‚Lexeme Formation‘

> deals with morphological processes that are relevant for the lexicon 

> creation of new Lexemes = new dictionary entries 

> word formation creates new words : Lexemes 
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Types of dependents of VP

complements

Predicative complement

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  • can be realized by types of phrases other tham NP, notably AdjP
  • does not introduce a new participant but rather refers to either:
    • the subject (subject-oriented): James seems very nice
    • the object (object-oriented): I consider him the best for the job
  • cannot be passivized: A teacher was seemed (derived from: He seemed a teacher
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Semantic roles

Patient

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definition:

> undergoer of the action'

 participant affected by an action performed by some causer, especially an agent 

> the agent or causer does something to the patient 


She cut the lace with the knife

They hugged us


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Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen language and linguistics Kurs an der Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:
Word formation process 
(Vi)
A:
Blending 

“telescoped” compounding 
> merging of two or more Lexemes with loss of morphological and phonetic material 

Breakfast + lunch = brunch 
Motel / hangry 
Q:

Semantic roles

Intrument

A:

definition:

> the entitix (explicitly or imlicitly) prototypically used by an agent in performing an action 


She cut the lace with a knife

Q:
Allophones
A:
The realisations variant of a phoneme / 
Different phones realising the same phoneme 
Q:
Word formation process 
(iV)
A:
Clipping 
Truncation of names and other words 
Ed(Ward) ; (monk)bus ; (in)flu(enza) 
Q:

Valeny and transitivity in clauses

transitive 
A:

If a clause has at least one object it is classified transative 


can be further devided into:

  • monotransitive:  one object
  • distransitive: with two objects 
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

Valency and transitivity in clauses 

if a clause has predicative complements (subject or object-oriented):


A:

if will be labeled as 'complex', either:


complex-transitive or complex-intransitive

depending on wether an object is also present or not

Q:
Empirical 
Introspective 
A:
Methodological 

attested language data as the fundamental basis of evidence 

Research is based in the linguistis intuition 
Q:
Relation between signifier and signified 
A:
Reciprocal 
One necessarily evokes the other 
Q:
Morphology 

A:
The study of the internal structure of words and their formation process 

words can be decomposed in meaningful parts that can be analysed on two different levels:
1. in terms of mental categories on a abstract level 
2. as concrete written/spoken realizations on an actual output level 

study of the smallest units on language that have meaning 
Q:
Subdivision of morphology
word-formation 
A:
‚Lexeme Formation‘

> deals with morphological processes that are relevant for the lexicon 

> creation of new Lexemes = new dictionary entries 

> word formation creates new words : Lexemes 
Q:

Types of dependents of VP

complements

Predicative complement

A:
  • can be realized by types of phrases other tham NP, notably AdjP
  • does not introduce a new participant but rather refers to either:
    • the subject (subject-oriented): James seems very nice
    • the object (object-oriented): I consider him the best for the job
  • cannot be passivized: A teacher was seemed (derived from: He seemed a teacher
Q:

Semantic roles

Patient

A:

definition:

> undergoer of the action'

 participant affected by an action performed by some causer, especially an agent 

> the agent or causer does something to the patient 


She cut the lace with the knife

They hugged us


language and linguistics

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