Psychology at Christ University | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für Psychology an der Christ University

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Echoic Memory?
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Auditory sensory memory
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Sensory memory

(sensory information that is taken in by sensory receptors and stored in sensory memory till stored in STM and the ability to retain impressions of sensory information after the original stimuli have ended)
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Sight
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Episodic and autobiographical memory
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Episodic: recollection of events in one's past, hold memories of specific events with which the cognitive processor had direct experience with

Autobiographical: one's personal history that may include episodic memories in addition to other facts about oneself
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Iconic Memory?
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auditory material
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Haptic memory
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episodic buffer
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What are flashbulb memories?
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It is one type of autobiographical memory and is a highly detailed snapshot of the moment and circumstances of a personally significant and emotional event (e.g. adults remember the moment when they heard about the terrorist attack on the 11th of Septemer)
not always are these memories accurate 
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What is the working memory? Who coined the term?
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Alan Baddeley has developed a more complex, modular model of short-term memory that characterizes it as “working memory.”
It is a limited capacity of a temporary storage system that underpins complex human thoughts.  It also can actively manipulate and rehears information. 

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What is memory consolidation?
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It is a time-dependent process by which recent learned experiences are transformed into long-term memory. It is a biochemical process at which neural synaptic connections are strenghtened. 
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The learning process is depending on...
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...the synapse between two neurons and its synaptic changes
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What are the DECIDING factors if a memory trace can be formed?
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Air quality

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How are information saved in the long-term memory?
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  • Elaborative Rehearsal (e.g. adding meaning to it, combining it with other memory traces) -> elaborative processing-strategy of repeating info to facilitate retention (Beibehaltung)
  • Memory encoding allows information to be converted into a construct that is stored indefinitely 
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Semantic Networks
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Concepts are organized in your mind in terms of connected ideas, less systematic frameworks.
A semantic network is a graphic notation for representing knowledge in patterns of interconnected nodes.

Conceptual hierarchies: Concepts on the higher levels have broad meanings, whereas those at lower levels are more specific.
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  • 427 Karteikarten
  • 72 Studierende
  • 1 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Psychology Kurs an der Christ University - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:
Echoic Memory?
A:
Auditory sensory memory
Q:
Sensory memory

(sensory information that is taken in by sensory receptors and stored in sensory memory till stored in STM and the ability to retain impressions of sensory information after the original stimuli have ended)
A:
Sight
Q:
Episodic and autobiographical memory
A:
Episodic: recollection of events in one's past, hold memories of specific events with which the cognitive processor had direct experience with

Autobiographical: one's personal history that may include episodic memories in addition to other facts about oneself
Q:
Iconic Memory?
A:
auditory material
Q:
Haptic memory
A:
episodic buffer
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:
What are flashbulb memories?
A:
It is one type of autobiographical memory and is a highly detailed snapshot of the moment and circumstances of a personally significant and emotional event (e.g. adults remember the moment when they heard about the terrorist attack on the 11th of Septemer)
not always are these memories accurate 
Q:
What is the working memory? Who coined the term?
A:
Alan Baddeley has developed a more complex, modular model of short-term memory that characterizes it as “working memory.”
It is a limited capacity of a temporary storage system that underpins complex human thoughts.  It also can actively manipulate and rehears information. 

Q:
What is memory consolidation?
A:
It is a time-dependent process by which recent learned experiences are transformed into long-term memory. It is a biochemical process at which neural synaptic connections are strenghtened. 
Q:
The learning process is depending on...
A:
...the synapse between two neurons and its synaptic changes
Q:
What are the DECIDING factors if a memory trace can be formed?
A:
Air quality

Q:
How are information saved in the long-term memory?
A:
  • Elaborative Rehearsal (e.g. adding meaning to it, combining it with other memory traces) -> elaborative processing-strategy of repeating info to facilitate retention (Beibehaltung)
  • Memory encoding allows information to be converted into a construct that is stored indefinitely 
Q:
Semantic Networks
A:
Concepts are organized in your mind in terms of connected ideas, less systematic frameworks.
A semantic network is a graphic notation for representing knowledge in patterns of interconnected nodes.

Conceptual hierarchies: Concepts on the higher levels have broad meanings, whereas those at lower levels are more specific.
Psychology

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