Osteologie at Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin

Flashcards and summaries for Osteologie at the Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin

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Epiphyse

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Bestandteile Periost

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Periost
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Endost

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Metaphyse

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Apophyse

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Funktion Gelenkknorpel 

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Diaphyse

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Substantia Corticalis (Kortikalis)

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Rotes Knochenmark

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Gelbes Knochenmark

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Substantia Spongiosa

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Exemplary flashcards for Osteologie at the Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin on StudySmarter:

Osteologie

Epiphyse
Gelenkende eines Röhrenknochens, also das distale und proximale Endstück.

Osteologie

Bestandteile Periost
Inneres stratum osteogenicum
Äußeres stratum fibrosum

Osteologie

Periost
Ummantelt den Röhrenknochen, besteht aus einer inneren und äußeren Schicht. Innerviert und vaskularisiert -> Schmerzempfindlich

Osteologie

Endost
Begrenzt Knochenkanäle und Spongiosabälkchen der Markhöhle

Osteologie

Metaphyse

Knochenabschnit zwischen Diaphyse und Epiphyse. Im Wachstum beinhaltet sie die für das Knochenwachstum wichtige Epiphysenfuge

Osteologie

Apophyse

Knochenansatz von Sehnen und Bändern

Osteologie

Funktion Gelenkknorpel 

Reduzieren

  • Reibung
  • Scherkräfte
  • Abnutzung

Osteologie

Diaphyse

Knochenschaft, in diesem Bereich verdickt sich die Kortikalis zur Kompakta 

Osteologie

Substantia Corticalis (Kortikalis)

Besteht aus einer kompakten Schicht Knochengewebe unmittelbar unter dem Periost, das die Oberfläche des Knochens bildet

Osteologie

Rotes Knochenmark


Füllt beim Kind die Markräume aller Knochen aus, beim Erwachsenen befindet es sich hingegen nur noch in den kurzen und platten Knochen sowie in unterschiedlichem Maß in den Epiphysen der Röhrenknochen.


Osteologie

Gelbes Knochenmark

Fettspeicherndes Knochenmark (Medulla ossium flava) füllt beim Erwachsenen die Markhöhlen der Diaphysen aus


Osteologie

Substantia Spongiosa

  • viele kleine Hohlräume
  • Bälkchen "Trabaeculae"
  • Leichtbauprinzip - gleichzeitige Stabilität
  • rotes/gelbes Knochenmark
  • Blutzellbildung

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