History Survey of World Architecture at Carnegie Mellon University

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What are the two important temples of Thebes?

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In which kingdom did theben temples rise to power?

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What is a Ben-ben?

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What is the "mud bench" burial architecture of the Old Kingdom called?

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What is the name of the sealed chamber containing the Ka statue of the deceased?

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Why is the funerary complex of Djoser/Zozer important?

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What is distinct about Egyptian columns?

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What are the main pyramids of Giza?

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Ancient Egyptians used an orthogonal construction using columns and flat pieces on top.  What is this called?

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What is a hypostyle hall?

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What was the main style of burial for Pharoahs in the Middle Kingdom

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When did the Feast of Opet take place and what did it symbolize?

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Exemplary flashcards for History Survey of World Architecture at the Carnegie Mellon University on StudySmarter:

History Survey of World Architecture

What are the two important temples of Thebes?

Karnak & Luxor

History Survey of World Architecture

In which kingdom did theben temples rise to power?

In the New Kingdom as Thebes became a more central location with the worship of Amun-Ra

History Survey of World Architecture

What is a Ben-ben?


A pyramidal shape which marks the first rays of creation.  Seen on top of the obelisk and inspiration for the pyramids

History Survey of World Architecture

What is the "mud bench" burial architecture of the Old Kingdom called?

Mastaba

History Survey of World Architecture

What is the name of the sealed chamber containing the Ka statue of the deceased?

The Serdab contained the substitute body

History Survey of World Architecture

Why is the funerary complex of Djoser/Zozer important?

-It is a step pyramid showing the change between mastaba and pyramids.  

-It uses cut stone and baked earth

History Survey of World Architecture

What is distinct about Egyptian columns?

- They imitate organic materials (lotus capitals and reed bundles)

- They are engaged columns (attached to the wall, not freestanding)

History Survey of World Architecture

What are the main pyramids of Giza?

Pyramid of Khufu/Cheops "Great Pyramid"

Pyramid of Khafre/Chephen

Pyramid of Menkaure/Mycerinus

Pyramid of Queens

History Survey of World Architecture

Ancient Egyptians used an orthogonal construction using columns and flat pieces on top.  What is this called?

Post & Lintel construction OR trabeated

History Survey of World Architecture

What is a hypostyle hall?

A hall filled with orthogonal columns.

History Survey of World Architecture

What was the main style of burial for Pharoahs in the Middle Kingdom

Rock-cut Tombs

History Survey of World Architecture

When did the Feast of Opet take place and what did it symbolize?

During the flood season, the priests from Karnak would go south to the Luxor harem and have conjugal relations to "re-consumate" the sacred marriage

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