Abnormal Psychology at Cagayan State University | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für Abnormal Psychology an der Cagayan State University

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Familial pattern of panic disorder

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8 x higher risk in first degree relatives

20 x higher risk in first degree relatives of PD onset pre-20s

Twin studies show genetic contribution 

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Abnormal psychology revolves around two major paradigms for explaining mental disorders. What is the two major paradigm?
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psychological paradigm and the biological paradig
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Psychodynamic Model of OCD

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- urges & impulses seek expression

- urges are unacceptable to the ego

- symptoms are expressed as a compromise between the components of the psychic

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Normal vs Pathological Anxiety

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Anxiety as normal reaction to threatening stimuli. Anxiety as functional, adaptive mechanism.

Importance of clinical significance in assessment & diagnosis.

- NO QUALITATIVE difference between normal & pathological anxiety

- Difference is one of degree

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Explain the distinction between a true alarm and a false alarm

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True alarm: fear occurs in response to a direct danger

False alarm: when fight or flight response occurs in situations that do not represent an immediate physical threat. False alarm = anxiety behaviours.

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The 3 types of panic attacks

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- unexpected (uncued) panic attacks

- situational bound (cued) panic attacks

- situational predisposed panic attacks 

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What are the characteristic features of the flight or fight response

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- Fear is the immediate reaction triggered by a perceived danger

- An alarm response in which the body reacts to prepare itself with danger

- Adrenaline (epinephrine) is released through the body

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Ego-dystonic obessions:

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unacceptable thoughts that are not in line w/ a persons ideal self-image

- autogenous 

- reactive

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Define panic disorder

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Panic disorder is characterised by reoccurring unexpected panic attacks and one or more of the following: 

- persistent concern about additional attacks

- worry about the implications of the attacks or its consequences 

- significant related maladaptive behavior change


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Describe Generalised Anxiety Disorder

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excessive anxiety, worry (apprehensive expectation). 

- more days than not over 6 months 

- worry regarding number of events of activities

subjective difficulty controlling worry 

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Panic disorder - course/onset

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Onset is usually in adolescence or mid 30's. 72% have identifiable stressors @ onset. Agoraphobia onset is usually 1 year of panic. 

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Vulnerability models:

- psychosocial predispositions of GAD

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- early experiences of uncontrollability 

- childhood history of psychosocial trauma

- insecure attachment to primary caregivers 

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Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Abnormal Psychology Kurs an der Cagayan State University - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

Familial pattern of panic disorder

A:

8 x higher risk in first degree relatives

20 x higher risk in first degree relatives of PD onset pre-20s

Twin studies show genetic contribution 

Q:
Abnormal psychology revolves around two major paradigms for explaining mental disorders. What is the two major paradigm?
A:
psychological paradigm and the biological paradig
Q:

Psychodynamic Model of OCD

A:

- urges & impulses seek expression

- urges are unacceptable to the ego

- symptoms are expressed as a compromise between the components of the psychic

Q:

Normal vs Pathological Anxiety

A:

Anxiety as normal reaction to threatening stimuli. Anxiety as functional, adaptive mechanism.

Importance of clinical significance in assessment & diagnosis.

- NO QUALITATIVE difference between normal & pathological anxiety

- Difference is one of degree

Q:

Explain the distinction between a true alarm and a false alarm

A:

True alarm: fear occurs in response to a direct danger

False alarm: when fight or flight response occurs in situations that do not represent an immediate physical threat. False alarm = anxiety behaviours.

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

The 3 types of panic attacks

A:

- unexpected (uncued) panic attacks

- situational bound (cued) panic attacks

- situational predisposed panic attacks 

Q:

What are the characteristic features of the flight or fight response

A:

- Fear is the immediate reaction triggered by a perceived danger

- An alarm response in which the body reacts to prepare itself with danger

- Adrenaline (epinephrine) is released through the body

Q:

Ego-dystonic obessions:

A:

unacceptable thoughts that are not in line w/ a persons ideal self-image

- autogenous 

- reactive

Q:

Define panic disorder

A:

Panic disorder is characterised by reoccurring unexpected panic attacks and one or more of the following: 

- persistent concern about additional attacks

- worry about the implications of the attacks or its consequences 

- significant related maladaptive behavior change


Q:

Describe Generalised Anxiety Disorder

A:

excessive anxiety, worry (apprehensive expectation). 

- more days than not over 6 months 

- worry regarding number of events of activities

subjective difficulty controlling worry 

Q:

Panic disorder - course/onset

A:

Onset is usually in adolescence or mid 30's. 72% have identifiable stressors @ onset. Agoraphobia onset is usually 1 year of panic. 

Q:

Vulnerability models:

- psychosocial predispositions of GAD

A:

- early experiences of uncontrollability 

- childhood history of psychosocial trauma

- insecure attachment to primary caregivers 

Abnormal Psychology

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