Psychology at British College Of Osteopathic Medicine | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für psychology an der British College of Osteopathic Medicine

Greife auf kostenlose Karteikarten, Zusammenfassungen, Übungsaufgaben und Altklausuren für deinen psychology Kurs an der British College of Osteopathic Medicine zu.

TESTE DEIN WISSEN

role of the father

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

~Grossman- Longitudinal study explored parents behaviour & its relationship to the quality of children attachment in their teens 

-quality of infants attachment with mothers but not fathers was related to children attachment in adolescence         

-suggesting that the father role was less important 

-however the fathers quality of play w infant related to attachment in adolescent 

 

 

 

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

stage 3: specific attachment


Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

-around 7mnths majority of babies display anxiety towards strangers and separation anxiety from particular adult 

-formed specific attachments w primary caregiver (not particularly who the baby spends the most time w)

 

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Reciprocity~ Supporting evidence 


Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN


-children have periodic 'alert phases' and signal that they are ready for interaction

-feildman and Eidelman, mothers typically pick up on and respond to this, from 3 months this interaction tends to be frequent and involves paying close attention to each others verbal & facial expressions 

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

parent-infant attachment

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

-traditionally we thought in terms of mother-infant attachment, Schaffer & Emerson found that they majority of babies did become attached to their mothers (around 7mth) primary attachment

-& within a few weeks they are able to form a secondary attachment to other family members including the father

- 75% of infants studied formed attachments w their dads at 18 months 

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

stage 1: pre-attachment\asocial

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

- first few weeks baby recognise & form bonds with carers 

-behaviour towards intimate objects and humans similar 

-happier in presence of adult, some preference for familiar adult 

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

stage 2: indiscriminate attachment


Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

-2-7mnths babies display more observable social behaviour 

-rather then intimate objects recognise and prefer familiar adults 

-accepts comfort from any adult, no separation anxiety or anxiety towards strangers 

-attachment behaviour indiscriminate as its no different to any adult 

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

what does learning theory propose 

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

~all behaviours is learned rather then in born, children are born as a 'blank slate'  and everything they become can be explained by the experiences that they had


-put forward by behaviourists who prefer to focus their explanations solely on behaviour, what ppl do rather then what they think.

-behaviourist suggest that all behaviours are learned through classical or operant conditioning 

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

care giver- infant interaction 


Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

-from a early age babies have meaningful social interactions w their carers, its believed that these interactions had important functions for the Childs social development

-most importantly on the attachment process 

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

interactional synchrony 


Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

~takes place when a mother & infant interact in such a way that their actions and emotions mirror each other 


Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

Evaluation-what problems are there w testing infants? & how to overcome this.

Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

problems w testing infant behaviour

-difficulties in reliability testing infant behaviours 

~infants mouth are in fairly constant motions and expression that are testing eg yawning occur frequently, making to difficult to distinguish between general activity & specific imitation


-to overcome this Meltzoff and Moor measure infants response 

~then asked observer to judge infants behaviour from the vid

person doing the judging had no idea what behaviour was being imitated thus increasing the internal validity of the data 

 


Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

father as primary caregivers?


Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

-Tiffiany Field filmed 4 month old babies interactions w their primary caregiver mothers, secondary care giver father and primary caregiver fathers. 


~primary cg father like mothers spent more time smiling, imitating and holding infants then secondary care giver father, this behaviour seems to be more important in developing an attachment w the infant (take on some behaviour typical of mothers)

-key to attachment is responsiveness not gender 


Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

stage 4: multiple attachments


Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN

-shortly after stage 3 babies start to show multiple attachments whom they regularly spend time with (secondary attachments) 


-in Schaffer & Emersons study 29% of children has secondary attachment within a month of developing a specific one 

Lösung ausblenden
  • 529 Karteikarten
  • 22 Studierende
  • 0 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen psychology Kurs an der British College of Osteopathic Medicine - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

role of the father

A:

~Grossman- Longitudinal study explored parents behaviour & its relationship to the quality of children attachment in their teens 

-quality of infants attachment with mothers but not fathers was related to children attachment in adolescence         

-suggesting that the father role was less important 

-however the fathers quality of play w infant related to attachment in adolescent 

 

 

 

Q:

stage 3: specific attachment


A:

-around 7mnths majority of babies display anxiety towards strangers and separation anxiety from particular adult 

-formed specific attachments w primary caregiver (not particularly who the baby spends the most time w)

 

Q:

Reciprocity~ Supporting evidence 


A:


-children have periodic 'alert phases' and signal that they are ready for interaction

-feildman and Eidelman, mothers typically pick up on and respond to this, from 3 months this interaction tends to be frequent and involves paying close attention to each others verbal & facial expressions 

Q:

parent-infant attachment

A:

-traditionally we thought in terms of mother-infant attachment, Schaffer & Emerson found that they majority of babies did become attached to their mothers (around 7mth) primary attachment

-& within a few weeks they are able to form a secondary attachment to other family members including the father

- 75% of infants studied formed attachments w their dads at 18 months 

Q:

stage 1: pre-attachment\asocial

A:

- first few weeks baby recognise & form bonds with carers 

-behaviour towards intimate objects and humans similar 

-happier in presence of adult, some preference for familiar adult 

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

stage 2: indiscriminate attachment


A:

-2-7mnths babies display more observable social behaviour 

-rather then intimate objects recognise and prefer familiar adults 

-accepts comfort from any adult, no separation anxiety or anxiety towards strangers 

-attachment behaviour indiscriminate as its no different to any adult 

Q:

what does learning theory propose 

A:

~all behaviours is learned rather then in born, children are born as a 'blank slate'  and everything they become can be explained by the experiences that they had


-put forward by behaviourists who prefer to focus their explanations solely on behaviour, what ppl do rather then what they think.

-behaviourist suggest that all behaviours are learned through classical or operant conditioning 

Q:

care giver- infant interaction 


A:

-from a early age babies have meaningful social interactions w their carers, its believed that these interactions had important functions for the Childs social development

-most importantly on the attachment process 

Q:

interactional synchrony 


A:

~takes place when a mother & infant interact in such a way that their actions and emotions mirror each other 


Q:

Evaluation-what problems are there w testing infants? & how to overcome this.

A:

problems w testing infant behaviour

-difficulties in reliability testing infant behaviours 

~infants mouth are in fairly constant motions and expression that are testing eg yawning occur frequently, making to difficult to distinguish between general activity & specific imitation


-to overcome this Meltzoff and Moor measure infants response 

~then asked observer to judge infants behaviour from the vid

person doing the judging had no idea what behaviour was being imitated thus increasing the internal validity of the data 

 


Q:

father as primary caregivers?


A:

-Tiffiany Field filmed 4 month old babies interactions w their primary caregiver mothers, secondary care giver father and primary caregiver fathers. 


~primary cg father like mothers spent more time smiling, imitating and holding infants then secondary care giver father, this behaviour seems to be more important in developing an attachment w the infant (take on some behaviour typical of mothers)

-key to attachment is responsiveness not gender 


Q:

stage 4: multiple attachments


A:

-shortly after stage 3 babies start to show multiple attachments whom they regularly spend time with (secondary attachments) 


-in Schaffer & Emersons study 29% of children has secondary attachment within a month of developing a specific one 

psychology

Erstelle und finde Lernmaterialien auf StudySmarter.

Greife kostenlos auf tausende geteilte Karteikarten, Zusammenfassungen, Altklausuren und mehr zu.

Jetzt loslegen

Das sind die beliebtesten psychology Kurse im gesamten StudySmarter Universum

Psychology

Katholieke Universiteit Leuven

Zum Kurs
Psychology

Anglia Ruskin University

Zum Kurs
Psychology

University of Western Australia

Zum Kurs
Psychology

McDaniel College

Zum Kurs
Psychology

Central Luzon State University

Zum Kurs

Die all-in-one Lernapp für Studierende

Greife auf Millionen geteilter Lernmaterialien der StudySmarter Community zu
Kostenlos anmelden psychology
Erstelle Karteikarten und Zusammenfassungen mit den StudySmarter Tools
Kostenlos loslegen psychology