Immunology at Bremen | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für Immunology an der Bremen

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How is a T-lymphocyte activated?

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activated by coupling with an antigen receptor of an ancient presenting cell and a co-receptor

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TB, Diphteria as well as whooping ought are...

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Bacteria

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What is used in passive immunization?

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Antibodies

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Which and how many antibodies are there?

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5 : G, M, A, D, E

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What is the job of the immune system?

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- Eliminate the animated world threat and change inside the body

- Disease prevention and control

- removes penetrated substances / organisms, but also the body's own defective systems

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Which 2 systems are there in the immune system?

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- cellular: immune cells / leukocytes
- humoral: soluble proteins / liquids

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What's part of the cellular defence?

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- white blood cells
- phagocytes

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What does the unspecific immune system recognize?

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- if a cell has a foreign MHC complex -> immune cells attack

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What are mast cells?

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- a type of leukocyte

- directly at the source of the infection

- Foreign substances -> expose histamine and cytokines -> this causes more fluid to enter the blood vessels and causes swelling

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What do natural killer cells do?

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- Defense against pathogens and tumor cells
- virus-infected cells are attracted by released interferons and perforate the cell membrane -> cell dies

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What do phagocytes do?

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- unspecific ability to absorb and dissolve other cells

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Where are erythrocytes made?

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Bone marrow, B lymphocytes

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Q:

How is a T-lymphocyte activated?

A:

activated by coupling with an antigen receptor of an ancient presenting cell and a co-receptor

Q:

TB, Diphteria as well as whooping ought are...

A:

Bacteria

Q:

What is used in passive immunization?

A:

Antibodies

Q:


Which and how many antibodies are there?

A:

5 : G, M, A, D, E

Q:


What is the job of the immune system?

A:

- Eliminate the animated world threat and change inside the body

- Disease prevention and control

- removes penetrated substances / organisms, but also the body's own defective systems

Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

Which 2 systems are there in the immune system?

A:

- cellular: immune cells / leukocytes
- humoral: soluble proteins / liquids

Q:

What's part of the cellular defence?

A:

- white blood cells
- phagocytes

Q:

What does the unspecific immune system recognize?

A:

- if a cell has a foreign MHC complex -> immune cells attack

Q:


What are mast cells?

A:

- a type of leukocyte

- directly at the source of the infection

- Foreign substances -> expose histamine and cytokines -> this causes more fluid to enter the blood vessels and causes swelling

Q:

What do natural killer cells do?

A:

- Defense against pathogens and tumor cells
- virus-infected cells are attracted by released interferons and perforate the cell membrane -> cell dies

Q:

What do phagocytes do?

A:

- unspecific ability to absorb and dissolve other cells

Q:

Where are erythrocytes made?

A:

Bone marrow, B lymphocytes

Immunology

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