Physiology & Pharmacology Of Addiction at Bow Valley College | Flashcards & Summaries

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Which neurotransmitter is considered the gas pedal and why? 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Dopamine
The only way to move the car is by:
  • motivation
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Which neurotransmitter is considered the brakes and why? 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Serotonin 
Slows down our:
  • thinking
  • worry
  • anxiety
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Which neurotransmitter is considered the wiring and why? 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Glutamate

•it is everywhere
•the workhorse [neuron]
•sends basic signals all over [the brain]
(The most abundant excitatory neurotransmitter, present in over 90% of all brain synapses.) 

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Which neurotransmitter is considered the windshield and why? 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Endorphins
The filter for how we view our environment. 
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Which neurotransmitter is considered the circuit breakers and why? 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
GABA

•powerful inhibitory
•stops certain processes
•workhorse [neurotransmitter]
•works in opposition to glutamate 


Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Neurotransmitter: Serotonin 
*11
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Mainly inhibitory
Regulates: 
  • Mood 
  • Circadian rhythm 
  • Sleep
  • Appetite
Elevates: 
  • Mood
  • Feelings of self-worth
Reduces:
  • Depression
Slows Down:
  • Thinking
  • Worrying
  • Anxiety 


Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Neurotransmitter: Dopamine
*15
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Both excitatory & inhibitory 
Creates sensations of: 
  • Power
  • Energy
  • Euphoria
Influences: 
  • Emotion
  • Attention
  • Memory
  • Language comprehension and expression
  • Problem solving 
  • Decision making 
Plays a prominent role in:
  • Motivation
  • Reward
  • Reinforcement
  • Sexual behaviour 
  • Cognition

Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Neurotransmitter: GABA
*6
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Inhibitory
  • The brains main inhibitory neurotransmitter
  • Synthesized from glutamate
Reduces:
  • Anxiety
  • Fear
  • Stress
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Dopamine receptors are most common in the 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
  • Midbrain
  • VTA
  • Cerebral cortex
  • Hypothalamus
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Pharmacodynamic Interactions:
Blocking the Reuptake 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Blocking the reuptake of a neurotransmitter back into the axon terminals, allowing more of the neurotransmitter to be available for binding, thus enhancing the message. 
(Prozac, meth, cocaine)
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Pharmacodynamic Interactions:
Pushing Out More Neurotransmitters
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Pushing more neurotransmitters out of the storage vesicles into the synaptic cleft, increasing the opportunity for binding and thus enhancing the message.
(Amphetamines)
Lösung ausblenden
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Which neurotransmitter is considered the steering wheel and why? 
Lösung anzeigen
TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Norepinephrine
Associated with:
  • direction
  • focus
  • screening out unwanted distractions 
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Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Physiology & Pharmacology of Addiction Kurs an der Bow Valley College - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:
Which neurotransmitter is considered the gas pedal and why? 
A:
Dopamine
The only way to move the car is by:
  • motivation
Q:
Which neurotransmitter is considered the brakes and why? 
A:
Serotonin 
Slows down our:
  • thinking
  • worry
  • anxiety
Q:
Which neurotransmitter is considered the wiring and why? 
A:
Glutamate

•it is everywhere
•the workhorse [neuron]
•sends basic signals all over [the brain]
(The most abundant excitatory neurotransmitter, present in over 90% of all brain synapses.) 

Q:
Which neurotransmitter is considered the windshield and why? 
A:
Endorphins
The filter for how we view our environment. 
Q:
Which neurotransmitter is considered the circuit breakers and why? 
A:
GABA

•powerful inhibitory
•stops certain processes
•workhorse [neurotransmitter]
•works in opposition to glutamate 


Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:
Neurotransmitter: Serotonin 
*11
A:
  • Mainly inhibitory
Regulates: 
  • Mood 
  • Circadian rhythm 
  • Sleep
  • Appetite
Elevates: 
  • Mood
  • Feelings of self-worth
Reduces:
  • Depression
Slows Down:
  • Thinking
  • Worrying
  • Anxiety 


Q:
Neurotransmitter: Dopamine
*15
A:
  • Both excitatory & inhibitory 
Creates sensations of: 
  • Power
  • Energy
  • Euphoria
Influences: 
  • Emotion
  • Attention
  • Memory
  • Language comprehension and expression
  • Problem solving 
  • Decision making 
Plays a prominent role in:
  • Motivation
  • Reward
  • Reinforcement
  • Sexual behaviour 
  • Cognition

Q:
Neurotransmitter: GABA
*6
A:
  • Inhibitory
  • The brains main inhibitory neurotransmitter
  • Synthesized from glutamate
Reduces:
  • Anxiety
  • Fear
  • Stress
Q:
Dopamine receptors are most common in the 
A:
  • Midbrain
  • VTA
  • Cerebral cortex
  • Hypothalamus
Q:
Pharmacodynamic Interactions:
Blocking the Reuptake 
A:
Blocking the reuptake of a neurotransmitter back into the axon terminals, allowing more of the neurotransmitter to be available for binding, thus enhancing the message. 
(Prozac, meth, cocaine)
Q:
Pharmacodynamic Interactions:
Pushing Out More Neurotransmitters
A:
Pushing more neurotransmitters out of the storage vesicles into the synaptic cleft, increasing the opportunity for binding and thus enhancing the message.
(Amphetamines)
Q:
Which neurotransmitter is considered the steering wheel and why? 
A:
Norepinephrine
Associated with:
  • direction
  • focus
  • screening out unwanted distractions 
Physiology & Pharmacology of Addiction

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