The Nervous System at Bournemouth University | Flashcards & Summaries

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what are the divisions of the nervous system?

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it is divided into the central nervous system and peripheral nervous system

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what are the subdivisions of the PNS?

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the sensory (afferent) division that sends impulse to the CNS and the motor (efferent) division that sends impulses from the CNS to the effectors

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what are the subdivisions of the motor division?

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the somatic nervous system that conducts impulses from CNS to skeletal muscles & the autonomic nervous system that conducts impulses from CNS to smooth and cardiac muscles

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what are the subdivisions of the ANS?

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the sympathetic division that stimulates the fight or flight response & the parasympathetic division that stimulates the rest and digest response

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what are the 6 types of neuroglia?

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- astrocytes

- microglial cells

- ependymal cells

- oligodendrocytes

- Schwann cells

- satellite cells

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what are astrocytes?

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the most abundant glial cells that make exchanges between capillaries and neurons

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what are microglial cells?

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these sense when nearby neurons are injured, they migrate towards them

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what are ependymal cells?

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they form a permeable barrier between the cerebrospinal fluid that fills those cavities and the tissue fluid

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what are oligodendrocytes?

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they wrap their processes tightly around the fibres producing a myelin sheath

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what are satellite cells?

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they surround neuron cell bodies in the PNS

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what are Schwann cells?

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they surround all nerve fibres and form myelin sheaths

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what are neurons and neuroglia?

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neurons are conducting cells and neuroglia are supporting cells

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Q:

what are the divisions of the nervous system?

A:

it is divided into the central nervous system and peripheral nervous system

Q:

what are the subdivisions of the PNS?

A:

the sensory (afferent) division that sends impulse to the CNS and the motor (efferent) division that sends impulses from the CNS to the effectors

Q:

what are the subdivisions of the motor division?

A:

the somatic nervous system that conducts impulses from CNS to skeletal muscles & the autonomic nervous system that conducts impulses from CNS to smooth and cardiac muscles

Q:

what are the subdivisions of the ANS?

A:

the sympathetic division that stimulates the fight or flight response & the parasympathetic division that stimulates the rest and digest response

Q:

what are the 6 types of neuroglia?

A:

- astrocytes

- microglial cells

- ependymal cells

- oligodendrocytes

- Schwann cells

- satellite cells

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Q:

what are astrocytes?

A:

the most abundant glial cells that make exchanges between capillaries and neurons

Q:

what are microglial cells?

A:

these sense when nearby neurons are injured, they migrate towards them

Q:

what are ependymal cells?

A:

they form a permeable barrier between the cerebrospinal fluid that fills those cavities and the tissue fluid

Q:

what are oligodendrocytes?

A:

they wrap their processes tightly around the fibres producing a myelin sheath

Q:

what are satellite cells?

A:

they surround neuron cell bodies in the PNS

Q:

what are Schwann cells?

A:

they surround all nerve fibres and form myelin sheaths

Q:

what are neurons and neuroglia?

A:

neurons are conducting cells and neuroglia are supporting cells

The Nervous System

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