Aston Geography at Birmingham City University | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für Aston Geography an der Birmingham City University

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Advantages of Zambia's Geography
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  • Good for tourism as there are many attractions (rivers, horsprings, waterfalls and wildlife)
  • Climate suitable for tourists
  • Rich in copper - on of its main exports
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Unemployment differences in Birmingham
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Unemployment:
  • Sparkbrook - 25%
  • Sutton Four Oaks - 3%
  • Bham Avg - 12%

Economically active:
  • Sparkbrook - 48%
  • Sutton Four Oaks - 81%
  • Bham Avg - 68%
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Integrated transport as a solution to congestion in Istanbul

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Integrated transport systems aim to be sustainable by linking together different modes of transport - where Istanbul is developing this system:

  • In 2013, the first railway tunnel was built under the Bosphorus Strait to link together the 2 sides of the city - expecting to increase number of rail passengers from 5% to 30%, helping to reduce cars on the road and carbon emissions.
  • Ferries could also be better integrated, as they are the oldest form of transport and far more efficient (producing less carbon emissions per person per car)
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Income differences in Deprived areas of Birmingham
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Avg Household income:
  • Sparkbrook - £21k
  • Sutton Four Oaks - £40k
  • Bham Avg - £31k

Households annual income:
  • Sparkbrook: <£15k - 46%
  • Sutton Four oaks: <£15k - 12%
  • Bham Avg: <£15K - 27%
>£35k Is reversed (12%, 47%, 27%)
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Zambia's Zig-Zag development
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  • 1964 - Zambia gains independence with leaders not prepared to lead the country. Most wealth and power still in the hands of colonisers
  • 1970s - global price if copper fall's and Zambua struggles to develop
  • 1980s - HIV/AIDS pandemic devastates Africa
  • 1990 - Zambia in large amount of debt and riots take place with resource shortages
  • 2000 - global price of copper rises and Zambia is on track to develop
  • 2006 - IMF cancels Zambia's debt so the government can invest in education and healthcare
  • 2010 - Zambia develops new industries such as tourism and hydro-electric power to reduce its reliance on copper

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Children in Deprived areas of Birmingham
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Pupils with 5 GCSEs:
  • Sparkbrook - 51%
  • Sutton Four Oaks - 74%

Children living in poverty:
  • Sparkbrook - 49%
  • Sutton Four Oaks - 7%

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% Urban Population in UK and Zambia

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UK = 83%
Zambia = 43%

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Beyoglu as a solution to housing

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Once a fashionable neighbourhood close to the city centre, it had fallen into disrepair by the 1990s, meaning the remaining inhabitants were poor and lowering house prices there. Since then, young professionals have moved in and improved the area, transforming the area leading to house prices increasing. The poorer previous inhabitants can no longer afford to live here, forcing them out (this process is known as gentrification)

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Urban Regeneration in Birmingham 

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The Bullring reopened in 2003 as Europe' largest retail-lead regeneration projects, its ranking as a retail destination rising from 12th to 3rd. Other regeneration projects in Birmingham include:

  • Brindley place - an area around the old canals
  • Gateway plus - redesigned city centre with a train station and shopping centre
  • Library of Birmingham - opened in 2013 as the city's largest library
  • HS2 - high speed railway linking Birmingham to London. Planned to be opened in 2026
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Unemployment rate in UK and Zambia

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UK = 5.4%
Zambia = 13.3%

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Re-Urbanisation Pull Factors

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  • People are attracted to government renovations of run-down parts of the city
  • Universities are usually based in cities - attracting young people for education
  • Once re-urbanisation starts, it continues so more people and businesses invest.
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Land use in the UK

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57% Farmland

35% Natural

6% Built On

2.5%Urban Green Areas

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  • 1418 Karteikarten
  • 155 Studierende
  • 0 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Aston Geography Kurs an der Birmingham City University - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:
Advantages of Zambia's Geography
A:
  • Good for tourism as there are many attractions (rivers, horsprings, waterfalls and wildlife)
  • Climate suitable for tourists
  • Rich in copper - on of its main exports
Q:
Unemployment differences in Birmingham
A:
Unemployment:
  • Sparkbrook - 25%
  • Sutton Four Oaks - 3%
  • Bham Avg - 12%

Economically active:
  • Sparkbrook - 48%
  • Sutton Four Oaks - 81%
  • Bham Avg - 68%
Q:

Integrated transport as a solution to congestion in Istanbul

A:

Integrated transport systems aim to be sustainable by linking together different modes of transport - where Istanbul is developing this system:

  • In 2013, the first railway tunnel was built under the Bosphorus Strait to link together the 2 sides of the city - expecting to increase number of rail passengers from 5% to 30%, helping to reduce cars on the road and carbon emissions.
  • Ferries could also be better integrated, as they are the oldest form of transport and far more efficient (producing less carbon emissions per person per car)
Q:
Income differences in Deprived areas of Birmingham
A:
Avg Household income:
  • Sparkbrook - £21k
  • Sutton Four Oaks - £40k
  • Bham Avg - £31k

Households annual income:
  • Sparkbrook: <£15k - 46%
  • Sutton Four oaks: <£15k - 12%
  • Bham Avg: <£15K - 27%
>£35k Is reversed (12%, 47%, 27%)
Q:
Zambia's Zig-Zag development
A:
  • 1964 - Zambia gains independence with leaders not prepared to lead the country. Most wealth and power still in the hands of colonisers
  • 1970s - global price if copper fall's and Zambua struggles to develop
  • 1980s - HIV/AIDS pandemic devastates Africa
  • 1990 - Zambia in large amount of debt and riots take place with resource shortages
  • 2000 - global price of copper rises and Zambia is on track to develop
  • 2006 - IMF cancels Zambia's debt so the government can invest in education and healthcare
  • 2010 - Zambia develops new industries such as tourism and hydro-electric power to reduce its reliance on copper

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Q:
Children in Deprived areas of Birmingham
A:
Pupils with 5 GCSEs:
  • Sparkbrook - 51%
  • Sutton Four Oaks - 74%

Children living in poverty:
  • Sparkbrook - 49%
  • Sutton Four Oaks - 7%

Q:

% Urban Population in UK and Zambia

A:

UK = 83%
Zambia = 43%

Q:

Beyoglu as a solution to housing

A:

Once a fashionable neighbourhood close to the city centre, it had fallen into disrepair by the 1990s, meaning the remaining inhabitants were poor and lowering house prices there. Since then, young professionals have moved in and improved the area, transforming the area leading to house prices increasing. The poorer previous inhabitants can no longer afford to live here, forcing them out (this process is known as gentrification)

Q:

Urban Regeneration in Birmingham 

A:

The Bullring reopened in 2003 as Europe' largest retail-lead regeneration projects, its ranking as a retail destination rising from 12th to 3rd. Other regeneration projects in Birmingham include:

  • Brindley place - an area around the old canals
  • Gateway plus - redesigned city centre with a train station and shopping centre
  • Library of Birmingham - opened in 2013 as the city's largest library
  • HS2 - high speed railway linking Birmingham to London. Planned to be opened in 2026
Q:

Unemployment rate in UK and Zambia

A:

UK = 5.4%
Zambia = 13.3%

Q:

Re-Urbanisation Pull Factors

A:
  • People are attracted to government renovations of run-down parts of the city
  • Universities are usually based in cities - attracting young people for education
  • Once re-urbanisation starts, it continues so more people and businesses invest.
Q:

Land use in the UK

A:

57% Farmland

35% Natural

6% Built On

2.5%Urban Green Areas

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