Biochemistry (Bile Salts And Bile Acids) at Batterjee Medical College | Flashcards & Summaries

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The bile acids contain…. carbons, with two or
three hydroxyl groups and a side chain
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
24
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They can also remove the
hydroxyl group at carbon 7,
producing “…….” bile salts
such as deoxycholic acid from
cholic acid and lithocholic acid
from chenodeoxycholic acid


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secondary
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The carboxyl group will be protonated in half of
the molecules (…………..) and deprotonated in
the rest (…………..)
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the bile acids, the bile salts
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The movement of cholesterol from the liver into the bile
must be accompanied by the simultaneous secretion of……and…..

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phospholipid,bile salts 
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consists of a watery mixture of organic and inorganic compounds.
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Bile
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Oral administration of ……………. acid results in a
gradual (months to years) dissolution of the gallstones.


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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
chenodeoxycholic
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Bile acids Act as……….. agents in the intestine


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 emulsifying

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Bile acids are synthesized in the………. by a multistep pathway
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Liver
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The terms “bile acid” and “bile salt” are frequently
used……….. 
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interchangeably
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……………, or……………. , and conjugated bile salts are quantitatively the most important organic components of bile.
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Phosphatidylcholine,lecithin 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
The conjugated, ionized bile salts are more effective
detergents than the unconjugated ones because of
their……………
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
enhanced amphipathic nature.
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
The most common resulting compounds, cholic acid (a triol) and
chenodeoxycholic acid (a diol), are called “…………..” bile acids.
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
primary
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Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen biochemistry (Bile salts and bile acids) Kurs an der Batterjee Medical College - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:
The bile acids contain…. carbons, with two or
three hydroxyl groups and a side chain
A:
24
Q:
They can also remove the
hydroxyl group at carbon 7,
producing “…….” bile salts
such as deoxycholic acid from
cholic acid and lithocholic acid
from chenodeoxycholic acid


A:
secondary
Q:
The carboxyl group will be protonated in half of
the molecules (…………..) and deprotonated in
the rest (…………..)
A:
the bile acids, the bile salts
Q:
The movement of cholesterol from the liver into the bile
must be accompanied by the simultaneous secretion of……and…..

A:
phospholipid,bile salts 
Q:
consists of a watery mixture of organic and inorganic compounds.
A:
Bile
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Q:
Oral administration of ……………. acid results in a
gradual (months to years) dissolution of the gallstones.


A:
chenodeoxycholic
Q:
Bile acids Act as……….. agents in the intestine


A:
 emulsifying

Q:
Bile acids are synthesized in the………. by a multistep pathway
A:
Liver
Q:
The terms “bile acid” and “bile salt” are frequently
used……….. 
A:
interchangeably
Q:
……………, or……………. , and conjugated bile salts are quantitatively the most important organic components of bile.
A:
Phosphatidylcholine,lecithin 
Q:
The conjugated, ionized bile salts are more effective
detergents than the unconjugated ones because of
their……………
A:
enhanced amphipathic nature.
Q:
The most common resulting compounds, cholic acid (a triol) and
chenodeoxycholic acid (a diol), are called “…………..” bile acids.
A:
primary
biochemistry (Bile salts and bile acids)

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