Intro And Alkanes at Bastyr University | Flashcards & Summaries

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Organic Chemistry

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The study of Hydrocarbons and their derivatives.

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IUPAC names for halogens as substituents on Carbon chain.

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Fluoro-

Chloro-

Bromo-

Iodo-

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Substitution Reaction

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Chemical Reaction where a small reactive molecule replaces an atom or group of atoms on a hydrocarbon or hydrocarbon derivative.

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What are the bonding characteristics of the Carbon Atom?

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Contains 4 valence e-'s

Forms bonds through Covalent Bonding

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Saturated Hydrocarbon

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Contains only Single Bonds


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Inorganic Chemistry

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The study of substances other than Hydrocarbons and their derivatives.

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Halogenated Alkane

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An alkane derivative in which one or more halogen atoms are present

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​​​​​Alkyl Groups Definition and IUPAC nomenclature

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Substituents of hydrocarbons

Only contain Hydrogen and Carbons

Methyl

Ethyl

Propyl

Butyl

Pentyl

Hexyl

Heptyl

Octyl

Nonyl

Decyl

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Alkyl Group

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Group of atoms that would be obtained by removing an H-atom from an alkane.

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Alkane

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Saturated Hydrocarbon in which the Carbon atom arrangement is acyclic.

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Conformation

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The specific 3-dimensional arrangement of atoms in a molecule at a given instant that results from rotations from its constituent groups.

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​What are the characteristics of boiling points of halogenated alkanes?

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​Halogenated alkanes have higher boiling points than their corresponding alkane.


BP and MP increase as the size of the alkyl group increases due to increases molecular surface area = more IMF.


BP and MP increase as the size of the halogen increases.

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  • 2 Studierende
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Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen Intro and Alkanes Kurs an der Bastyr University - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

Organic Chemistry

A:

The study of Hydrocarbons and their derivatives.

Q:

IUPAC names for halogens as substituents on Carbon chain.

A:

Fluoro-

Chloro-

Bromo-

Iodo-

Q:

Substitution Reaction

A:

Chemical Reaction where a small reactive molecule replaces an atom or group of atoms on a hydrocarbon or hydrocarbon derivative.

Q:

What are the bonding characteristics of the Carbon Atom?

A:

Contains 4 valence e-'s

Forms bonds through Covalent Bonding

Q:

Saturated Hydrocarbon

A:

Contains only Single Bonds


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Q:

Inorganic Chemistry

A:

The study of substances other than Hydrocarbons and their derivatives.

Q:

Halogenated Alkane

A:

An alkane derivative in which one or more halogen atoms are present

Q:

​​​​​Alkyl Groups Definition and IUPAC nomenclature

A:

Substituents of hydrocarbons

Only contain Hydrogen and Carbons

Methyl

Ethyl

Propyl

Butyl

Pentyl

Hexyl

Heptyl

Octyl

Nonyl

Decyl

Q:

Alkyl Group

A:

Group of atoms that would be obtained by removing an H-atom from an alkane.

Q:

Alkane

A:

Saturated Hydrocarbon in which the Carbon atom arrangement is acyclic.

Q:

Conformation

A:

The specific 3-dimensional arrangement of atoms in a molecule at a given instant that results from rotations from its constituent groups.

Q:

​What are the characteristics of boiling points of halogenated alkanes?

A:

​Halogenated alkanes have higher boiling points than their corresponding alkane.


BP and MP increase as the size of the alkyl group increases due to increases molecular surface area = more IMF.


BP and MP increase as the size of the halogen increases.

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