Companion Animal at Athlone Institute Of Technology | Flashcards & Summaries

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What is immunity? 

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Immunity is the ability of an organism to protect itself from disease causing agents.

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What are the two types of immunity ?

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Non specific (innate)

Specific (Adaptive)

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What is an antigen ?

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An antigen is a substance that causes your immune system to produce antibodies against it.

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What is an antibody ?

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Is a blood protein produced in response to and counteracting a specific antigen.

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Describe innate immunity.

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- Non specific defence mechanisms that come into ply immediately or within hours of an antigens appearance in the body.

- Include physical barriers such as skin and immune system cells that attack foreign cells in the body.

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Describe adaptive immunity.

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-Antigen specific immune response. (more complex)

-The antigen first must be processed and recognised.

once an antigen is recognised the adaptive immune system creates an army of immune cells specifically designed to attack that antigen.

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What are Continuous Excreters ?

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 Excrete the infectious agent continuously and can infect other animals at any time.
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What are Intermittent Excreters ?
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Only excrete organisms under certain circumstances, e.g. when symptomatic, usually periods of stress.
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How Does an Animal Become Immune?
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-Naturally acquired immunity
-Maternally derived immunity
-Immunisation through passive or active means
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What is Naturally Acquired Immunity
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When infection occurs, the body responds by producing antibodies specific to the agent responsible.
Once recovery is complete, the animal is resistant to further infection from that agent and is said to be immune.
Immunity can last for variable periods,
This natural process can be copied by the use of vaccines
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What is Maternally Derived Immunity
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Newborn kittens and puppies have little or no acquired immunity at birth.
 In order to increase survival in the first few weeks of life, passive immunity is gained from the dam.
Via placenta 
Via milk 
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What is immunisation?
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Immunisation is the act of conferring immunity to a susceptible animal using similar principles to those of naturally and maternally derived immunity.
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Q:

What is immunity? 

A:

Immunity is the ability of an organism to protect itself from disease causing agents.

Q:

What are the two types of immunity ?

A:

Non specific (innate)

Specific (Adaptive)

Q:

What is an antigen ?

A:

An antigen is a substance that causes your immune system to produce antibodies against it.

Q:

What is an antibody ?

A:

Is a blood protein produced in response to and counteracting a specific antigen.

Q:

Describe innate immunity.

A:

- Non specific defence mechanisms that come into ply immediately or within hours of an antigens appearance in the body.

- Include physical barriers such as skin and immune system cells that attack foreign cells in the body.

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Q:

Describe adaptive immunity.

A:

-Antigen specific immune response. (more complex)

-The antigen first must be processed and recognised.

once an antigen is recognised the adaptive immune system creates an army of immune cells specifically designed to attack that antigen.

Q:
What are Continuous Excreters ?

A:
 Excrete the infectious agent continuously and can infect other animals at any time.
Q:
What are Intermittent Excreters ?
A:
Only excrete organisms under certain circumstances, e.g. when symptomatic, usually periods of stress.
Q:
How Does an Animal Become Immune?
A:
-Naturally acquired immunity
-Maternally derived immunity
-Immunisation through passive or active means
Q:
What is Naturally Acquired Immunity
A:
When infection occurs, the body responds by producing antibodies specific to the agent responsible.
Once recovery is complete, the animal is resistant to further infection from that agent and is said to be immune.
Immunity can last for variable periods,
This natural process can be copied by the use of vaccines
Q:
What is Maternally Derived Immunity
A:
Newborn kittens and puppies have little or no acquired immunity at birth.
 In order to increase survival in the first few weeks of life, passive immunity is gained from the dam.
Via placenta 
Via milk 
Q:
What is immunisation?
A:
Immunisation is the act of conferring immunity to a susceptible animal using similar principles to those of naturally and maternally derived immunity.
Companion animal

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