HEALTH at Ateneo De Manila University | Flashcards & Summaries

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Lernmaterialien für HEALTH an der Ateneo de Manila University

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gateway theory of substance abuse

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  • use of one particular substance will lead ppl to subsequently be at a greater risk to abuse other substances
  • popular in 1970s & 1980s when gateway theory was coined
  • war on drugs
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science behind gateway drugs

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  • alter neuropathways in the brain (parallel results in humans and animals)
  • interaction of genes and environment is involved (nature vs nurture)
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nicotine (C₁₀H₁₄N₂)

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  • Jean Nicot: sent seeds from Portugal to Paris
  • psychoactive drug found in tobacco
  • heavily addictive
  • Tobacco plant: medicine and stimulant for 2000 years
  • 1880: machine was first patented to mass-produce paper cigs
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nicotine long-term effects

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(after yrs of nicotine ingestion; may be irreversible)

  • reproductive health problems: dying sperm cells, genetic disorders, side effects w/ contraceptives
  • respiratory diseases: emphysema, bronchitis, chronic cough, asthma, 90% of lung cancer
  • cardiovascular diseases: high blood pressure, heart attack, stroke
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caffeine (C8H10N4O2 )   

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  • stimulant: central nervous system
  • white, powdery, odorless & bitter
  • coffee, tea, chocolate, soda, energy drinks, etc.
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caffeine short-term effects

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good: heightened awareness, alertness, "feeling ready"


bad: tremors and/or twitching, palpitation, contraction of muscles

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caffeine long-term effects

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(when still consuming): cardiovascular diseases, GERD/ulcers, anxiety, sleeping problems


(when trying to stop): withdrawal syndrome

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alcohol (C2H6O)

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  • ethanol (not isopropyl or methyl)
  • ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol – colorless liquid
  • depressant
  • result of fermentation with yeast
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drug user

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any individual who partakes in the use of drugs; anyone can be susceptible to it

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drug use 

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consumption of illegal drugs 

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drug misuse

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using drugs not for their sole purpose; wrong reasons

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drug abuse 

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constant/consistent use of drugs & harmful substances; leads to experiencing long-term effects

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  • 26408 Karteikarten
  • 6231 Studierende
  • 59 Lernmaterialien

Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen HEALTH Kurs an der Ateneo de Manila University - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

gateway theory of substance abuse

A:
  • use of one particular substance will lead ppl to subsequently be at a greater risk to abuse other substances
  • popular in 1970s & 1980s when gateway theory was coined
  • war on drugs
Q:

science behind gateway drugs

A:
  • alter neuropathways in the brain (parallel results in humans and animals)
  • interaction of genes and environment is involved (nature vs nurture)
Q:

nicotine (C₁₀H₁₄N₂)

A:
  • Jean Nicot: sent seeds from Portugal to Paris
  • psychoactive drug found in tobacco
  • heavily addictive
  • Tobacco plant: medicine and stimulant for 2000 years
  • 1880: machine was first patented to mass-produce paper cigs
Q:

nicotine long-term effects

A:

(after yrs of nicotine ingestion; may be irreversible)

  • reproductive health problems: dying sperm cells, genetic disorders, side effects w/ contraceptives
  • respiratory diseases: emphysema, bronchitis, chronic cough, asthma, 90% of lung cancer
  • cardiovascular diseases: high blood pressure, heart attack, stroke
Q:

caffeine (C8H10N4O2 )   

A:
  • stimulant: central nervous system
  • white, powdery, odorless & bitter
  • coffee, tea, chocolate, soda, energy drinks, etc.
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:

caffeine short-term effects

A:

good: heightened awareness, alertness, "feeling ready"


bad: tremors and/or twitching, palpitation, contraction of muscles

Q:

caffeine long-term effects

A:

(when still consuming): cardiovascular diseases, GERD/ulcers, anxiety, sleeping problems


(when trying to stop): withdrawal syndrome

Q:

alcohol (C2H6O)

A:
  • ethanol (not isopropyl or methyl)
  • ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol – colorless liquid
  • depressant
  • result of fermentation with yeast
Q:

drug user

A:

any individual who partakes in the use of drugs; anyone can be susceptible to it

Q:

drug use 

A:

consumption of illegal drugs 

Q:

drug misuse

A:

using drugs not for their sole purpose; wrong reasons

Q:

drug abuse 

A:

constant/consistent use of drugs & harmful substances; leads to experiencing long-term effects

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