Psychology at Anglia Ruskin University | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für Psychology an der Anglia Ruskin University

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Reductionism disadvantage... 
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Because humans and the study reductuonised is so complex, the reduction a list explanation falls short of giving a whole explanation 
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What are Ethical issues? 
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When harm could be caused to participants (animals or humans) 
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What is Reliability? 
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Consistency of a study ( if the study was to be done the same way again the results will be the same) 
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Nature and Nurture 
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Whether actions and behaviours are innate(inherited) - Nature 
Or
Whether actions and behaviour are influenced by environment and experiences - Nurture

NATURE: Genes or evolution 
NURTURE: Environment, experiences or parenting


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Cost beliefs 
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Ethical committees look at the value of the research to the wider society and look at the cost to few participants that the study has on them. (the participants) 
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Operant conditioning 
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Skinners rats
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Wundt
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  • Founded the first psychological lab
  • Created the introspection technique (examined the human mind) 
  • Changed some things from philosophy to psychology 
  • Known as the father of PSYCHOLOGY 
  • 1832-1920
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Different types of experiments 
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Lab
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Skinners rats EVALUATION 
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  • Weakness: unethical (causing harm to animals) 
  • Strength: reliable (can be done again and get the same results)
  • Weakness : low ecological validity (not generalisable to real world) 
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Operant conditioning : ABC's of behaviour
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  • Antecedent = the action (the rat hitting the lever) 

  • Behaviour (the rat keeps hitting the lever) 

  • Consequence = the result of the action (food coming out) 

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Nature
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Genes
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What did Skinner believe? 
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Manipulating the environment around us could change us individually. 
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  • 145 Studierende
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Q:
Reductionism disadvantage... 
A:
Because humans and the study reductuonised is so complex, the reduction a list explanation falls short of giving a whole explanation 
Q:
What are Ethical issues? 
A:
When harm could be caused to participants (animals or humans) 
Q:
What is Reliability? 
A:
Consistency of a study ( if the study was to be done the same way again the results will be the same) 
Q:
Nature and Nurture 
A:
Whether actions and behaviours are innate(inherited) - Nature 
Or
Whether actions and behaviour are influenced by environment and experiences - Nurture

NATURE: Genes or evolution 
NURTURE: Environment, experiences or parenting


Q:
Cost beliefs 
A:
Ethical committees look at the value of the research to the wider society and look at the cost to few participants that the study has on them. (the participants) 
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:
Operant conditioning 
A:
Skinners rats
Q:
Wundt
A:
  • Founded the first psychological lab
  • Created the introspection technique (examined the human mind) 
  • Changed some things from philosophy to psychology 
  • Known as the father of PSYCHOLOGY 
  • 1832-1920
Q:
Different types of experiments 
A:
Lab
Q:
Skinners rats EVALUATION 
A:
  • Weakness: unethical (causing harm to animals) 
  • Strength: reliable (can be done again and get the same results)
  • Weakness : low ecological validity (not generalisable to real world) 
Q:
Operant conditioning : ABC's of behaviour
A:
  • Antecedent = the action (the rat hitting the lever) 

  • Behaviour (the rat keeps hitting the lever) 

  • Consequence = the result of the action (food coming out) 

Q:
Nature
A:
Genes
Q:
What did Skinner believe? 
A:
Manipulating the environment around us could change us individually. 
Psychology

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