Biochemistry at Amity University | Flashcards & Summaries

Lernmaterialien für biochemistry an der Amity University

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What is glycolysis?
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  • Sequence of 10 enzyme catalysed reactions by which glucose is converted into pyruvate 
  • pyruvate is NOT the end product 
  • pyruvate can be metabolised in different ways depending on the availability of oxygen, mitochondria activity and type of tissue
  • pyruvate can also be used as a precursor for biosynthesis
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is the type of energy that is produced during the synthesis of atp
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
NADH 
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What are 3 stages of the first stage of glycolysis?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
1. Phosphorylation of glucose
2 isomerization.
3. Second phosphorylation.

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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is the net reaction of the priming of glucose?
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Glucose + 2 atp = f-1,6 + 2 adp 
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does Glycolysis require oxygen and explain reasons
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
No it Doesn’t so is called anaerobic 
this is bc it is an ancient process so evolved before substantial amounts of oxygen in the atmosphere
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What is stage 1 of glycolysis?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
The trapping and preparation phase

glucose is converted into fructose 1,6-bisphosphosohate in 3 steps
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What traps glucose into the cell to begin glycolysis?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Hexokinase 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What are the 2 steps of the 2nd step of glycolysis?
2 steps of the cleavage of fructose 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Aldol cleavage 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Which enzyme that is used in glycolysis is kinetically perfect?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Triode phosphate isomerase or TIM
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What are all the steps of stage 3 of glycolysis which is oxidoreduction reactions and atp synthesis 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Oxidation followed by phosphorylation 
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What enzyme do poisons use?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
Glyceraldehyde 3 dehydrogenase
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
What are all the stages of step 3 of glycolysis?
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TESTE DEIN WISSEN
1. Oxidation followed by phosphorylation 
2. Substrate level phosphorylation 
3. Intramolecular rearrangement 
4. Dehydration (Water elimination)
5. Substrate level phosphorylation or ATP production 
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Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen biochemistry Kurs an der Amity University - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:
What is glycolysis?
A:
  • Sequence of 10 enzyme catalysed reactions by which glucose is converted into pyruvate 
  • pyruvate is NOT the end product 
  • pyruvate can be metabolised in different ways depending on the availability of oxygen, mitochondria activity and type of tissue
  • pyruvate can also be used as a precursor for biosynthesis
Q:
What is the type of energy that is produced during the synthesis of atp
A:
NADH 
Q:
What are 3 stages of the first stage of glycolysis?
A:
1. Phosphorylation of glucose
2 isomerization.
3. Second phosphorylation.

Q:
What is the net reaction of the priming of glucose?
A:
Glucose + 2 atp = f-1,6 + 2 adp 
Q:
does Glycolysis require oxygen and explain reasons
A:
No it Doesn’t so is called anaerobic 
this is bc it is an ancient process so evolved before substantial amounts of oxygen in the atmosphere
Mehr Karteikarten anzeigen
Q:
What is stage 1 of glycolysis?
A:
The trapping and preparation phase

glucose is converted into fructose 1,6-bisphosphosohate in 3 steps
Q:
What traps glucose into the cell to begin glycolysis?
A:
Hexokinase 
Q:
What are the 2 steps of the 2nd step of glycolysis?
2 steps of the cleavage of fructose 
A:
Aldol cleavage 
Q:
Which enzyme that is used in glycolysis is kinetically perfect?
A:
Triode phosphate isomerase or TIM
Q:
What are all the steps of stage 3 of glycolysis which is oxidoreduction reactions and atp synthesis 
A:
Oxidation followed by phosphorylation 
Q:
What enzyme do poisons use?
A:
Glyceraldehyde 3 dehydrogenase
Q:
What are all the stages of step 3 of glycolysis?
A:
1. Oxidation followed by phosphorylation 
2. Substrate level phosphorylation 
3. Intramolecular rearrangement 
4. Dehydration (Water elimination)
5. Substrate level phosphorylation or ATP production 
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