Digestive System at Ahfad University For Women | Flashcards & Summaries

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Gastric glands include a type of enteroendocrine cells . where is it located and mention it main function?

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  • is located mainly in the pyloric antrum  
  • secretes the hormone gastrin into the bloodstream. 
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mention one characteristic feature of the ileum

think of lymph nodes

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aggregations of lymphatic nodules called Peyer’s patches.

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The mucosa of the esophagus consists of three parts: 

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  1. inner lining of non-keratinized stratified squamous epithelium 
  2. lamina propria 
  3. smooth muscle fiber that is the muscularis mucosae
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The gastric gland contain three types of gland cells that secrete their products into the stomach:

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  1. mucous neck cells
  2. chief cells
  3. parietal cells 
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muscularis

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the muscularis of the oral cavity pharynx and  esophagus have skeletal muscle that produce voluntary swallowing  but throughout the rest of the tract consists of smooth muscle 

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The main digestive enzyme in the stomach is called? which is secreted in to the stomach into smaller molecules called ?

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  • pepsin
  • peptides
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Between the layers of the muscularis a second layer of neuron plexus

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myenteric plexus

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serosa

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covers the outer layer of the tract and is mainly made up of epithelial and connective tissue that form the serous membrane 

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The mucosa of the Stomach:

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  • The surface of the mucosa is a layer of simple columnar epithelial cells called surface mucous cell
  • •a lamina propria (areolar connective tissue) and a muscularis mucosae (smooth muscle). 
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Epithelial cells extend down into the lamina propria where they form columns of secretory cells called?

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Gastric glands 

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Involuntary contractions of the smooth muscle 


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help break down food mix it with digestive secretions and propel it along the tract

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The bile enters the duodenum through a certain bile duct

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common bile duct

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  • 3042 Karteikarten
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Beispielhafte Karteikarten für deinen digestive system Kurs an der Ahfad University for Women - von Kommilitonen auf StudySmarter erstellt!

Q:

Gastric glands include a type of enteroendocrine cells . where is it located and mention it main function?

A:
  • is located mainly in the pyloric antrum  
  • secretes the hormone gastrin into the bloodstream. 
Q:

mention one characteristic feature of the ileum

think of lymph nodes

A:

aggregations of lymphatic nodules called Peyer’s patches.

Q:

The mucosa of the esophagus consists of three parts: 

A:
  1. inner lining of non-keratinized stratified squamous epithelium 
  2. lamina propria 
  3. smooth muscle fiber that is the muscularis mucosae
Q:

The gastric gland contain three types of gland cells that secrete their products into the stomach:

A:
  1. mucous neck cells
  2. chief cells
  3. parietal cells 
Q:

muscularis

A:

the muscularis of the oral cavity pharynx and  esophagus have skeletal muscle that produce voluntary swallowing  but throughout the rest of the tract consists of smooth muscle 

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Q:

The main digestive enzyme in the stomach is called? which is secreted in to the stomach into smaller molecules called ?

A:
  • pepsin
  • peptides
Q:

Between the layers of the muscularis a second layer of neuron plexus

A:

myenteric plexus

Q:

serosa

A:

covers the outer layer of the tract and is mainly made up of epithelial and connective tissue that form the serous membrane 

Q:

The mucosa of the Stomach:

A:
  • The surface of the mucosa is a layer of simple columnar epithelial cells called surface mucous cell
  • •a lamina propria (areolar connective tissue) and a muscularis mucosae (smooth muscle). 
Q:

Epithelial cells extend down into the lamina propria where they form columns of secretory cells called?

A:

Gastric glands 

Q:

Involuntary contractions of the smooth muscle 


A:

help break down food mix it with digestive secretions and propel it along the tract

Q:

The bile enters the duodenum through a certain bile duct

A:

common bile duct

digestive system

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